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The electrode holder holds the electrode as it slowly melts away. The molten weld and the arc zone are protected from atmospheric contamination by being “submerged” under the flux blanket. In general, an efficient method, but limited to relatively thin material. Welding technology advanced quickly during the early 20th century as the world wars drove the demand for reliable and inexpensive joining methods.
Following the wars, several modern welding techniques were developed, including manual methods like SMAW, now one of the most popular welding methods, as well as semi-automatic and automatic processes such as GMAW, SAW, FCAW and ESW. Today, the science continues to advance. The history of joining metals goes back several millennia. 5th century BC that Glaucus of Chios “was the man who single-handedly invented iron welding”. India about 310 AD and weighing 5. News of Galvanic-Voltaic Experiments” in 1803, in which he described experiments carried out in 1802.