Types of aluminium alloys pdf

Aluminium alloys are widely used in engineering structures and components where light weight or types of aluminium alloys pdf resistance is required. Aluminium-magnesium alloys are both lighter than other aluminium alloys and much less flammable than alloys that contain a very high percentage of magnesium.

Referred to as dissimilar-metal corrosion, this process can occur as exfoliation or as intergranular corrosion. Aluminium alloys can be improperly heat treated. This causes internal element separation, and the metal then corrodes from the inside out. Aluminium alloys with a wide range of properties are used in engineering structures. A brief historical overview of alloys and manufacturing technologies is given in Ref.

Therefore, for a given load, a component or unit made of an aluminium alloy will experience a greater deformation in the elastic regime than a steel part of identical size and shape. Though there are aluminium alloys with somewhat-higher tensile strengths than the commonly used kinds of steel, simply replacing a steel part with an aluminium alloy might lead to problems. With completely new metal products, the design choices are often governed by the choice of manufacturing technology. Si series, can be extruded to form complex profiles. In general, stiffer and lighter designs can be achieved with Aluminium alloy than is feasible with steels. For this reason, bicycle frames made of aluminium alloys make use of larger tube diameters than steel or titanium in order to yield the desired stiffness and strength. Since aluminium alloys are susceptible to warping at elevated temperatures, the cooling system of such engines is critical.

Manufacturing techniques and metallurgical advancements have also been instrumental for the successful application in automotive engines. Aluminium alloys do not have this lower fatigue limit and will continue to weaken with continued stress cycles. Often, the metal’s sensitivity to heat must also be considered. Even a relatively routine workshop procedure involving heating is complicated by the fact that aluminium, unlike steel, will melt without first glowing red. Forming operations where a blow torch is used can reverse or remove heat treating, therefore is not advised whatsoever. No visual signs reveal how the material is internally damaged. Much like welding heat treated, high strength link chain, all strength is now lost by heat of the torch.

The chain is dangerous and must be discarded. Aluminium is subject to internal stresses and strains. Sometimes years later, as is the tendency of improperly welded aluminium bicycle frames to gradually twist out of alignment from the stresses of the welding process. Thus, the aerospace industry avoids heat altogether by joining parts with rivets of like metal composition, other fasteners, or adhesives. Yet these parts may still become distorted, so that heat-treating of welded bicycle frames, for instance, can result in a significant fraction becoming misaligned. If the misalignment is not too severe, the cooled parts may be bent into alignment. Because of its high conductivity and relatively low price compared with copper in the 1960s, aluminium was introduced at that time for household electrical wiring in North America, even though many fixtures had not been designed to accept aluminium wire.