It seeks to understand the world by trying to change it, collaboratively and following reflection. PAR emphasizes collective inquiry and experimentation grounded in experience and social history. Within a PAR process, “communities of inquiry and action evolve and address questions and issues that are significant for those transference of consciousness empowerment pdf participate as co-researchers”. Action unites, organically, with research” and collective processes of self-investigation.
The way each component is actually understood and the relative emphasis it receives varies nonetheless from one PAR theory and practice to another. This means that PAR is not a monolithic body of ideas and methods but rather a pluralistic orientation to knowledge making and social change. Participatory Action Research in a Venn Diagram. PAR has multiple progenitors and resists definition. All formulations of PAR have in common the idea that research and action must be done ‘with’ people and not ‘on’ or ‘for’ people.
Inquiry based on PAR principles makes sense of the world through collective efforts to transform it, as opposed to simply observing and studying human behaviour and people’s views about reality, in the hope that meaningful change will eventually emerge. PAR draws on a wide range of influences, both among those with professional training and those who draw on their life experience and those of their ancestors. Participatory Research Network created in 1978 and based in New Delhi. It has benefited from an interdisciplinary development drawing its theoretical strength from adult education, sociology, political economy, community psychology, community development, feminist studies, critical psychology, organizational development and more”. PAR conference in Cartagena, Colombia in 1977.
Based on his research with peasant groups in rural Boyaca and with other underserved groups, Fals Borda called for the ‘community action’ component to be incorporated into the research plans of traditionally trained researchers. Do not monopolise your knowledge nor impose arrogantly your techniques, but respect and combine your skills with the knowledge of the researched or grassroots communities, taking them as full partners and co-researchers. Do not trust elitist versions of history and science which respond to dominant interests, but be receptive to counter-narratives and try to recapture them. Do not depend solely on your culture to interpret facts, but recover local values, traits, beliefs, and arts for action by and with the research organisations.