The roots of MAS-IPSP can be traced to the closures of the Bolivian Mining Corporation and shut-down of various mines during the 1980s. The 1992 campaign marked the emergence of a ‘peasant-Indigenous’ movement. However, CSUTCB was wary of building a political party to contest state power. Rather the organization began discussing the towards a new socialism pdf of launching a ‘political instrument’, a structure in which the trade unions would enter as collective members.
Assembly of Nationalities” including traditional authorities to forge “political instruments of the nationalities. COB, which decided to call for withdrawal from existing parties and to consolidate as an independent political force. September 1994 cocalero march also endorsed the creation of a political instrument. Present at the congress were CSUTCB, CSCB, the Bartolina Sisa National Federation of Peasant Women of Bolivia and CIDOB. From 1996 onwards, Evo Morales was a rising star in the ASP leadership. Soon he became a competitor of Veliz.
However, many trade unions decided not to support Veliz’s candidature, accusing him of having manipulated the candidate lists of the United Left. After the 1997 elections a split occurred in ASP and Evo Morales was expelled from the organization. In 1998 the supporters of Evo Morales founded the IPSP. Notably, the majority of the grassroots supporters of ASP sided with Morales in the split. One of the prominent ASP leaders who sided with Morales was Román Loayza Caero, leader of CSUTCB. At the time of its foundation, an IPSP flag was adopted. It was coffee-coloured and green, with a sun in the middle.
The decision to go for elections as MAS was taken in Cochabamba in 1998. In January 1999, the organization adopted the name MAS-IPSP. The MAS vote in Cochabamba was almost completely confined to the Chapare, Carrasco and Ayopaya provinces. MAS mayoral candidate only got 0. Communist Party candidate, Alejo Veliz who got 1.