Strictly speaking, Islamic law does not have a distinct corpus of “criminal law. Traditional sharia courts, unlike modern Western courts, do not use jury or prosecutors on the behalf of society. Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, Hanbali and Jafari followed the criminal law handbook pdf the Islamic jurisdiction.
In practice, since early on in Islamic history, criminal cases were usually handled by ruler-administered courts or local police using procedures which were only loosely related to sharia. In the modern era, sharia-based criminal laws were widely replaced by statutes inspired by European models, although in recent decades several countries reintroduced elements of Islamic penal law into their legal codes under the growing influence of Islamist movements. God and those against man. However, the evidentiary standards for these punishments were often impossibly high, and they were infrequently implemented in practice.
God, rather than to be carried out. During the 19th century, sharia-based criminal laws were replaced by statutes inspired by European models nearly everywhere in the Islamic world, except some particularly conservative regions such as the Arabian peninsula. Quranic origin, and their advocates have often disregarded the stringent traditional restrictions on their application. Islamist pressure, they have often been used sparingly or not at all, and their application has varied depending on local political climate. Iranian woman blinded in an acid attack, demanded that her attacker be blinded as well.