Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The number of sheep in New Zealand peaked in the 1980s and is now reducing due to lower profits. 1980s government support provided some farmers with 40 percent of their income. 1990 the agricultural the art of domestic horticulture pdf became the most deregulated sector in New Zealand.
To stay competitive in the heavily subsidised European and US markets New Zealand farmers had to increase the efficiency of their operations. New Zealand is the world’s eighth largest milk producer, with about 2. 3 billion kg of milk solids, and NZD 8. 38 billion of dairy products were exported in the year ending 30 September 2007.
2 million dairy milking cows in New Zealand, and 5. 26 million dairy cattle in total at 30 June 2007, an increase from 3 million in 1982. In mid-2005, there were 12,786 dairy farms, with a total area of 2. Traditional dairy production areas are the wetter areas of the country: Waikato, Taranaki, Southland, Northland, Horowhenua, Manawatu and Westland. 8 percent of all milk solids from dairy farms.
Livestock is predominantly grass-fed, but hay and silage is used in the winter months to make up for slower pasture growth. 39 million beef cattle in New Zealand in June 2007. The number of sheep saw a substantial fall from the 70. 3 million in 1982, while beef cattle numbers declined by about ten percent over the same period.
573,000 tonnes of sheep meat was produced in 2006-7, and 164,000 tonnes of clean wool. 08 billion of lamb, NZD 283 million of mutton, and NZD 938 million of raw wool and wool products was exported in the year ending 30 September 2007. Production of beef and veal in 2006-7 was 623,000 tonnes, with NZD 1. 2005, with areas of 1. 1 million hectares, and 655,000 hectares respectively. 150,000 in 1982 to 1. 59 million in 2006, with 1,617 deer farms occupying 218,000 hectares of land in 2005.
NZD 252 million of venison was exported in the year ending 30 September 2007. New Zealand is the largest exporter of farmed venison in the world. In the 1970s and 80s there was a huge industry carrying out live deer recovery from forested areas of New Zealand. The deer-farm stock was bred from the recovered wild animals.
In 2005, there were 264 pig farms with a total area of 12,831 hectares. There were also 855 mixed livestock farms and 633 other livestock farms, with areas of 178 and 18,000 hectares, respectively. The 50,000 tonnes of pork produced in 2007 was supplemented by 40,000 tonnes of imported pork products to meet domestic demand. 145 tonnes of chicken meat produced. No other poultry is raised in significant numbers in New Zealand.
1 million laying hens are kept, producing 900 million eggs in 2006. Goats are also farmed for meat, milk, and mohair, and to control weeds. Milling of New Zealand’s extensive native forests was one of the earliest industries in the settlement of the country. As the new colony was established, timber was the most common building material, and vast areas of native forest were cleared. New Zealand in the 1850s. It thrived in the conditions, reaching maturity in 28 years, much faster than in its native California.
It was found to grow well in the infertile acidic soil of the volcanic plateau, where attempts at agriculture had failed. This was to address growing timber shortages as slow-growing native forests were exhausted. Plantation forests of various sizes can now be found in all regions of New Zealand except Central Otago and Fiordland. In 2006 their total area was 1. Log harvesting in 2006 was 18. Japan, South Korea, China and the United States.