Stress produces numerous physical and mental symptoms which vary according to each individual’s situational factors. The stress anxiety and insomnia pdf of stress management is named as one of the keys to a happy and successful life in modern society.
Although life provides numerous demands that can prove difficult to handle, stress management provides a number of ways to manage anxiety and maintain overall well-being. Evaluating the effectiveness of various stress management techniques can be difficult, as limited research currently exists. Consequently, the amount and quality of evidence for the various techniques varies widely. Many professional organizations exist to promote and provide training in conventional or alternative therapies. Much more research is necessary to provide a better understanding of which mechanisms actually operate and are effective in practice. They measured the physiological responses of animals to external pressures, such as heat and cold, prolonged restraint, and surgical procedures, then extrapolated from these studies to human beings.
Thus, stress was traditionally conceptualized to be a result of external insults beyond the control of those experiencing the stress. More recently, however, it has been argued that external circumstances do not have any intrinsic capacity to produce stress, but instead their effect is mediated by the individual’s perceptions, capacities, and understanding. Susan Folkman suggested in 1981 that stress can be thought of as resulting from an “imbalance between demands and resources” or as occurring when “pressure exceeds one’s perceived ability to cope”. Stress management was developed and premised on the idea that stress is not a direct response to a stressor but rather one’s resources and ability to cope mediate the stress response and are amenable to change, thus allowing stress to be controllable. The model contends that stress may not be a stressor if the person does not perceive the stressor as a threat but rather as positive or even challenging.