Collected 3D data is useful for a wide variety scanning more than one page into a pdf applications. If colour information is collected at each point, then the colours on the surface of the subject can also be determined.
3D scanners share several traits with cameras. 3D scanner collects distance information about surfaces within its field of view. The “picture” produced by a 3D scanner describes the distance to a surface at each point in the picture. This allows the three dimensional position of each point in the picture to be identified.
For most situations, a single scan will not produce a complete model of the subject. Multiple scans, even hundreds, from many different directions are usually required to obtain information about all sides of the subject. This whole process, going from the single range map to the whole model, is usually known as the 3D scanning pipeline. There are a variety of technologies for digitally acquiring the shape of a 3D object. Non-contact solutions can be further divided into two main categories, active and passive. There are a variety of technologies that fall under each of these categories. A coordinate measuring machine with rigid perpendicular arms.
A carriage system with rigid arms held tightly in perpendicular relationship and each axis gliding along a track. Such systems work best with flat profile shapes or simple convex curved surfaces. An articulated arm with rigid bones and high precision angular sensors. The location of the end of the arm involves complex math calculating the wrist rotation angle and hinge angle of each joint. This is ideal for probing into crevasses and interior spaces with a small mouth opening. A combination of both methods may be used, such as an articulated arm suspended from a traveling carriage, for mapping large objects with interior cavities or overlapping surfaces. It is used mostly in manufacturing and can be very precise.