This article is about a Japanese word for “foreigner”. Japanese government and in media. Japanese person who is a stranger, not a friend. Genji and Heike outsider in the white house pdf are playing.
Foreigners in Japan in 2000 by citizenship. However the term is also sometimes applied to ethnic Japanese born and raised in other countries. West who will frequently tour the country. Historically, some usage of the word “gaijin” referred respectfully to the prestige and wealth of Caucasians or the power of western businesses. This interpretation of the term as positive or neutral in tone continues for some.
While the term itself has no derogatory meaning, it emphasizes the exclusiveness of Japanese attitude and has therefore picked up pejorative connotations that many Westerners resent. Nanette Gottlieb, Professor of Japanese Studies at the School of Languages and Comparative Cultural Studies at the University of Queensland, suggests that the term has become controversial and is avoided now by most Japanese television broadcasters. Western literature and pop culture. Sandgate, Folkestone, England: Paul Norbury Publications.
For example, gaijin literally means a “person from outside”, namely a foreigner, and that means “Caucasian”. Trans-Pacific Racisms and the U. Language and Society in Japan”. Japan today than it was thirty years ago. At a deeper level, though, it is the connotation of exclusion and oddity that irks, particularly when the term is combined with the adjective hen na to mean ‘peculiar foreigner,’ a term once often heard on Japanese television shows.
The term gaijin itself is included these days by most broadcasters on their list of terms best avoided. Tokyo: The Japan Times, Ltd. Not all foreigners are gaijin to Japanese and quite a few natives of Japan are gaijin. There is a logic to this mess, but it is hardly logical. At one time, at least when the U. For example, gaijin literally means a “person from outside,” namely a foreigner, and that means “Caucasian.
To describe a Japanese person in this manner is a compliment to him or her. This page was last edited on 26 October 2017, at 05:30. Announcement-period returns are positive, but higher for firms hiring from within their industry than from a different industry. However, unlike the year following succession, firms hiring from a different industry display better stock performance in later years. In the 5-year post-succession period dividends, profitability, capital spending and growth potential are also higher for firms hiring from a different industry. Firms with fewer, more independent board members who also sit on other major company boards, or firms in industries with fewer companies are more likely to hire successors whose pay is more aligned to stockholder returns from bigger firms with more business segments and stock return volatility in a different industry. Firms hiring from a different industry pay successors more but grant more incentive pay than firms hiring from the same industry.
Our findings suggest that, overall, firms pay more, link compensation more to their subsequent stock performance, and amass more long-term benefits when they hire outside CEO successors from a different industry than their own. Returns are positive, but higher for firms hiring from within than from a different industry. Firms hiring from a different industry display better stock performance in the later years. Post-succession dividends, profitability, capital spending and growth are lower for firms hiring from same industry.