Artists have since used backmasking for artistic, comedic and satiric effect, on both analogue and digital recordings. His design overtook the Edison phonograph in the 1920s, partly because Berliner’s patent expired in 1918, leaving messages to young people pdf free to use his invention.
In addition to recreating recorded sounds by placing the stylus on the cylinder or disc and rotating it in the same direction as during the recording, one could hear different sounds by rotating the cylinder or disc backwards. In 1878, Edison noted that, when played backwards, “the song is still melodious in many cases, and some of the strains are sweet and novel, but altogether different from the song reproduced in the right way”. Rain” in reverse and enjoyed the sound. According to Martin, the band had been experimenting with changing the speeds of and reversing the “Tomorrow Never Knows” tapes, and Martin got the idea of reversing Lennon’s vocals and guitar, which he did with a clip from “Rain”. Lennon then liked the effect and kept it. Gibb played the song backwards on his turntable, and heard “Turn me on, dead man turn me on, dead man turn me on, dead man “. After Gibb’s show, many more songs were found to contain phrases that sounded like known spoken languages when reversed.
Also in 1982, fundamentalist Christian pastor Gary Greenwald held public lectures on dangers of backmasking, along with at least one mass record-smashing. During the same year, thirty North Carolina teenagers, led by their pastor, claimed that singers had been possessed by Satan, who used their voices to create backward messages, and held a record-burning at their church. One result of the furor was the firing of five radio DJs who had encouraged listeners to search for backward messages in their record collections. Consumer Protection and Toxic Materials Committee hearing, during which “Stairway to Heaven” was played backwards, and William Yaroll testified. The successful bill made the distribution of records with undeclared backmasking an invasion of privacy for which the distributor could be sued.