Forest edges differ from the interior in terms of N deposition and microclimate. Higher microbial biomass at the edge was linked to increased mineralization. Pine litter retained N in the interior, while the label overlap ape r tree prevent pdf edge stored N in mineral soil. Due to forest fragmentation, forest edges have become dominant features in landscapes around the world.
It is still unclear how both factors affect N cycling at temperate forest edges. N pool dilution technique in the forest edge and interior, and linked to the microbial community structure. N tracing method in edge and interior as a proxy for the long-term fate of mineral N. Microbial biomass was higher at the forest edges compared to the forest interiors and was associated to the higher gross mineralization rates.
Gross and net nitrification rates differed between the forest types, where the oak stands were characterized by higher nitrification rates than the pine and spruce stands. Given the omnipresence of forest edges, more research should be conducted to validate our observations for other forest and soil types. Screen reader users, click the load entire article button to bypass dynamically loaded article content. Please note that Internet Explorer version 8. Click the View full text link to bypass dynamically loaded article content. The prefrontal cortex is among the last regions of the brain to develop, in evolution and in individual maturation. In the human, it constitutes nearly one-third of the totality of the neocortex.