Experimental studies have been undertaken with the aim of determining what effects, if any, participating in a T-group has on the participants. Students who had participated in group dynamics in occupational therapy pdf T-group showed significantly more change toward their selected goal than those who had not. T-group as “the most significant social invention of the century. First conceived as a research technique with a goal to change the standards, attitudes and behavior of individuals, the T-group evolved into educational and treatment schemes for non-psychiatric patient people.
A T-group meeting does not have an explicit agenda, structure, or expressed goal. The emphasis is on sharing emotions, as opposed to judgments or conclusions. In this way, T-group participants can learn how their words and actions trigger emotional responses in the people they communicate with. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Parallel groups are made up of clients doing individual tasks side by side. Project groups emphasize task accomplishment. Some interaction may be built in, such as shared materials and tools and sharing the work.
Egocentric cooperative groups require the members to select and implement the task. Tasks are longer term and socialization is required. Cooperative groups require the therapist only as an advisor. Members are encouraged to identify and gratify each other’s social and emotional needs in conjunction with task accomplishment. The task in a cooperative group may be secondary to social aspects.