Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Behaviorists acknowledged the existence of thinking, but identified it as a behavior. Fundamentals of cognition eysenck pdf argued that the way people think impacts their behavior and therefore cannot be a behavior in and of itself. Cognitivists later argued that thinking is so essential to psychology that the study of thinking should become its own field.
What is the role of memory? What types of learning are explained in detail by this position? How should instruction be structured? Parents process knowledge informally in the home while teachers process knowledge formally in school. Attention is the first part of cognitive development. Learning takes place when the student gives attention towards the teacher. Interest and effort closely relate to attention.
Attention is an active process which involves numerous outside stimuli. Knowledge acquisition is an activity consisting of internal codification of mental structures within the student’s mind. Inherent to the theory, the student must be an active participant in their own learning process. There are additional key elements like learning to code, transform, rehearse, and store and retrieve the information. Information is stored within memory in an organised, meaningful manner. Teachers supposedly facilitate learning and the organization of information in an optimal way. Forgetting is described as an inability to retrieve information from memory.
Simplification and standardization are two techniques used to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of knowledge transfer. Knowledge can be analysed, decomposed and simplified into basic building blocks. There is a correlation with the behaviorist model of the knowledge transfer environment. Cognitivists stress the importance of efficient processing strategies.