Seal of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. This was the forerunner of fair trade commission phone numbers staff pdf EEOC.
The EEOC’s first complainants were female flight attendants. However, the EEOC at first ignored sex discrimination complaints, and the prohibition against sex discrimination in employment went unenforced for the next few years. One EEOC director called the prohibition “a fluke conceived out of wedlock. All Commission seats and the post of general counsel to the commission are filled by the US President, subject to confirmation by the Senate. Senate in 2008 to be a Commissioner.
On December 22, 2010, the Senate gave full confirmation to Berrien, Feldblum, Lipnic, and Lopez. In 2011, the Commission included “sex-stereotyping” of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals, as a form of sex discrimination illegal under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 2012, the Commission expanded protection provided by Title VII to transgender status and gender identity. After the departure of Ishimaru, the commission returned to its full five commissioners on April 25, 2013, with the Senate confirmation of Jenny Yang.
In 2015, it concluded that for Title VII, sex discrimination includes discrimation based on sexual orientation. However, the rulings, while persuasive, are not binding on courts and would need to be addressed by the Supreme Court for a final decision. The Commission also mediates and settles thousands of discrimination complaints each year prior to their investigation. The EEOC is also empowered to file civil discrimination suits against employers on behalf of alleged victims and to adjudicate claims of discrimination brought against federal agencies. In 1980, Eleanor Holmes Norton began re-characterizing the backlog cases as “workload” in her reports to Congress, thus fulfilling her promise to eliminate the backlog. In June 2006, civil rights and labor union advocates publicly complained that the effectiveness of the EEOC was being undermined by budget and staff cuts and the outsourcing of complaint screening to a private contractor whose workers were poorly trained.
In 2006, a partial budget freeze prevented the agency from filling vacant jobs, and its staff had shrunk by nearly 20 percent from 2001. A Bush administration official stated that the cuts had been made because it was necessary to direct more money to defense and homeland security. By 2008, the EEOC had lost 25 percent of its staff over the previous eight years, including investigators and lawyers who handle the cases. The number of complaints to investigate grew to 95,400 in fiscal 2008, up 26 percent from 2006. Although full-time staffing of the EEOC was cut between 2002 and 2006, Congress increased the commission’s budget during that period, as it has almost every year since 1980.