Prior to 1969, all abortion was illegal in Canada. Canada has had no criminal laws governing the subject, and abortion is a decision made by a woman with her doctor. Without legal criminal code of canada english pdf, most abortions are done at an early stage. This number has been decreasing since at least 1998.
Abortion was completely banned in Canada in 1869. As in other countries, illegal abortions were still performed, and some cases charged that this led to the deaths of women. In both cases, the alleged abortion provider was ultimately acquitted of responsibility for the woman’s death. Pro-choice activists like Marilyn Wilson, former executive director of the Canadian Abortion Rights Action League, say, “Illegal abortions were common, but often of poor safety. Several hundred women per year died from botched abortions.
The movement to liberalize Canada’s abortion laws began in the 1960s. Sixties, abortion could be legally performed only to save the life of the mother, so there were practically no legal abortions. He stated that the pregnant daughters of the rich were sent to reliable physicians who did abortions for cash. He estimated that these physicians did twenty to thirty abortions per week. He added, “By the time I became Chief Coroner, I had had the unpleasant experience of seeing the bodies of some dozens of young women who had died as a result of these amateur abortions. Chief Coroner Shulman decided to publicize the results of Canada’s abortion laws. He instructed his coroners to call a public inquest into each abortion death.
He describes one case that he believes was the turning point, that of 34-year-old Lottie Leanne Clarke, a mother of three children, who died of massive infection in 1964 after an illegal abortion in spite of medical treatment and antibiotics. At the inquest into her death, the jury recommended that the laws about therapeutic abortion be revised. Shulman added that a federal government committee should review the question of abortion and the law. Newspapers published editorials recommending the reform of the abortion law. The eventual amendment closely followed the recommendations of the coroners’ juries. 251 of the Criminal Code which prohibited abortions. May 14, 1969, and provided for abortions when the health of the woman was in danger as determined by a three-doctor hospital committee.
However, abortion still remained in the Criminal Code, unlike the U. 1973, the US Supreme Court held that a pregnant woman’s constitutional right to privacy prohibited the states from criminalizing abortion in the early stages of pregnancy. Trudeau’s most famous quotations: “The state has no business in the bedrooms of the nation. Criminal Code is the abortion provision drafted by Trudeau and passed in 1969.