Description of barriers college algebra a concise approach pdf students face during the transition to college. Review of experimental and quasi-experimental evidence on policy solutions. Inclusion of evidence on financial aid, informational and behavior interventions, academic programs and affirmative action.
College access conceptualized as both whether and where students enroll. Discussion of implications for policy and research. Socioeconomic gaps in college enrollment and attainment have widened over time, despite increasing returns to postsecondary education and significant policy efforts to improve access. We describe the barriers that students face during the transition to college and review the evidence on potential policy solutions. We focus primarily on research that examines causal relationships using experimental or quasi-experimental methods, though we draw upon descriptive evidence to provide context. Our review is distinctive in three respects. First, in addition to the literature on financial aid, we examine the evidence on informational and behavioral interventions, academic programs, and affirmative action policies intended to improve college access.
Second, we incorporate a wealth of recent research not included in prior reviews. Finally, we conceptualize college access broadly, as including not just whether but also where students attend and whether they have access to college-level courses. We conclude with a discussion of implications for policy and research. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution.
We thank Sue Dynarski, Bruce Sacerdote, Brent Evans, Michael Hurwitz, Joshua Goodman, and Peter Hinrichs for useful feedback and Aaron Anthony for exceptional research assistance. All errors are our own. This course introduces students to the broad field of cultural anthropology. We consider such topics as ethnography, cultural relativism and ethnocentrism, language and communication, religion and ritual, anthropological ethics, and the application of anthropology’s theory and methods to contemporary world issues. Students will also learn how anthropologists have approached the issue of difference and inequality within and across cultures. This course also highlights female anthropologists’ contributions to the field as well as gender cross-culturally. Study of art processes and artists through slides, readings, discussions and firsthand observation of art and visual images.
Five-and-a-half studio hours per week. Includes study of line media, representation of form, values and composition. Stresses basic skills of representation in traditional media, and includes exploration of nontraditional forms. Subjects include figures, nature and studio studies.
Six studio hours per week. Study of forms of art, content of art, and context within which it has evolved from Renaissance to modern era. Introduces handbuilding techniques, wheelwork, preparation and use of clays and glazes, surface finishing techniques, and kiln operation. Emphasizes development of aesthetics and personal expression in creating both functional and nonfunctional ceramic work. Introduction to photographic fundamentals, digital imaging, retouching and digital darkroom techniques. Teaches basic methods of using a digital camera including manual camera settings.
Students must provide their own digital camera. Early astronomy, telescopes, solar system, stars, stellar evolution, galaxies and early and modern cosmologies. Basic concepts of cellular structure and function, patterns of inheritance, evolutionary mechanisms, ecological relationships and environmental concerns. Not open to students with credit in BIO105 or BIO107. Basic laboratory techniques, experimental method and investigation of topics pertinent to study of living things. Emphasizes basic chemical and physical laws applicable to functioning of living things. Cellular morphology, metabolism and reproduction, molecular genetics, heredity, evolution and ecological principles.
Intended for students planning to enter sciences and health care professions. Introduces techniques of laboratory work, methods of scientific inquiry ad investigation of topics related to basic functioning of life. Microscopic study, dissection of preserved mammals and study of human materials as available, e. Similarities to human anatomy are emphasized. Must be at least a second semester first-year to register. Independent research in biology under direction of a faculty member.
Students beginning a research project should register for BIO275. After gaining at least one semester of experience in the research lab, and in consultation with the faculty sponsor, the student may register for BIO375. After at least one semester of experience in BIO375, students who have demonstrated exceptional research skills will be permitted to register for BIO475, with the permission of their faculty sponsor. Introduction to structure and synthesis of macromolecules.